For researchers

PMHP research

Task-sharing of psychological treatment for antenatal depression in Khayelitsha, South Africa: Effects on antenatal and postnatal outcomes in an individual randomised controlled trial (2019)
C Lund, M Schneider, E C. Garman, T Davies, M Munodawafa, S Honikman, A Bhana, J Bass, P Bolton, M Dewey, J Joska, A Kagee, L Myer, I Petersen, M Prince, D J. Stein, H Tabana et al., Behaviour Research and Therapy

Maternal Mental Health in South Africa and the Opportunity for Integration (2019)
S Honikman, S Field, chapter in: Fritzsche K., McDaniel S., Wirsching M. (eds) Psychosomatic Medicine. Springer, Cham 

Validation of a brief mental health screening tool for pregnant women in a low socio-economic setting (2019)
Z Abrahams, M Schneider, S Field, S Honikman, BMC Psychol 777 (2019)

Maternal, child and adolescent mental health: An ecological life course perspective (2019)
X Hunt, S Skeen, S Honikman, J Bantjes, K Matlwa Mabaso, S Docrat, M Tomlinson, Child Gauge 2019
ISBN: 978-0-620-85838-0

The development of an ultra-short, maternal mental health screening tool in South Africa (2019)
T v Heyningen, L Myer, M Tomlinson, S Field, S Honikman, Global Mental Health
DOI: 10.1017/gmh.2019.21

The Secret History method and the development of an ethos of care: Preparing the maternity environment for integrating mental health care in South Africa (2019)
S Honikman, S Field, S Cooper, Transcultural Psychiatry
DOI: 10.1177/1363461519844640

Accessible continued professional development for maternal mental health (2019)
S Field, A Abrahams, D L Woods, R Turner, M N Onah, D K Kaura, S Honikman, African Journal of Primary Health Care and Family Medicine, 11(1), a1902 
DOI: 10.4102/phcfm. v11i1.1902

Characteristics of perinatal depression in rural central, India: a cross‑sectional study (2018)
S. D. Rathod, S Honikman, C Hanlon, R Shidhaye, International Journal of Mental Health Systems
DOI: 10.1186/s13033-018-0248-5
Weblink | PDF

Domestic and intimate partner violence among pregnant women in a low resource setting in South Africa: a facility-based, mixed methods study (2018)
S Field, M Onah, T v Heyningen, S Honikman, BMC Women’s Health
DOI: 10.1186/s12905-018-0612-2
Weblink | PDF

Partnerships in a Global Mental Health Research Programme—the Example of PRIME (2018)
E Breuer, C Hanlon, A Bhana, D Chisholm, M De Silva, A Fekadu, S Honikman, M Jordans, T Kathree, F Kigozi, N P Luitel, M Marx, G Medhin, V Murhar, S Ndyanabangi, V Patel, I Petersen, M Prince, S Raja, S D Rathod, R Shidhaye, J Ssebunnya, G Thornicroft, M Tomlinson, T Wolde-Giorgis, C Lund, Glob Social Welfare
DOI: 10.1007/s40609-018-0128-6

Intercultural Adaptation of the “Secret History” Training: From South Africa to Germany (2018)
E Hänselmann, C Knapp, M Wirsching, S Honikman, Global Health Collaboration, Chapter 4
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-77685-9
Weblink | PDF

Adapting a perinatal empathic training method from South Africa to Germany From South Africa to Germany (2018)
C Knapp,  S Honikman, M Wirsching, G Husni-Pascha, E Hänselmann, Pilot and Feasibility Studies
DOI: 10.1186/s40814-018-0292-6
Weblink | PDF

Comparison of mental health screening tools for detecting antenatal depression and anxiety disorders in South African women (2018)
T v Heyningen, S Honikman, M Tomlinson, S Field, L Myer, PLoS ONE 13(4): e0193697,
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193697
Weblink | PDF

Postpartum psychiatric disorders (2018)
S Meltzer-Brody, L M Howard, V Bergink, S Vigod, I Jones, T Munk-Olsen, S Honikman, J Milgrom, Nature Reviews Disease Primers
DOI: 10.1038/nrdp.2018.22

Factors associated with household food insecurity and depression in pregnant South African women from a low socio-economic setting: a cross-sectional study (2018)
Z Abrahams, C Lund, S Field, S Honikman, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
DOI: 10.1007/s00127-018-1497-y
Weblink | PDF

Prevalence and predictors of anxiety disorders amongst low-income pregnant women in urban South Africa: a cross-sectional study (2017)
T v Heyningen, S Honikman, L Myer, M N Onah, S Field, M Tomlinson, Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 
DOI: 10.1007/s00737-017-0768-z

Antenatal depressive symptoms and perinatal complications: a prospective study in rural Ethiopia (2017)
T Bitew, C Hanlon, E Kebede, S Honikman, A Fekuda, BMC Psychiatry (2017) 17:301,
DOI: 10.1186/s12888-017-1462-4
Weblink | PDF

‘First 1000 days’ health interventions in low- and middle-income countries: alignment of South African policies with high-quality evidence (2017)
R English, N Peer, S Honikman, A Tugendhaft, K J Hofman, Global Health Action, 10:1, 1340396,
DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1340396
Weblink | PDF

Antenatal depressive symptoms and utilisation of delivery and postnatal care: a prospective study in rural Ethiopia (2017)
T Bitew, C HanlonE Kebede, S Honikman, M N Onah, A Fekadu, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth BMC series
DOI: 10.1186/s12884-017-1383-8
Weblink | PDF

Synthesising Global and Local Knowledge for the Development of Maternal Mental Health Care: Two Cases from South Africa (2017)
S Cooper, S Honikman, I Meintjes, M Tomlinson, The Palgrave Handbook of Sociocultural Perspectives on Global Mental Health, Chapter 23

Perinatal suicidal ideation and behaviour: psychiatry and adversity (2016)
M N Onah, S Field, J Bantjes, S Honikman, Archives of Women’s Mental Health; DOI: 10.1007/s00737-016-0706-5
Weblink | PDF

Maternal mental health and the first 1 000 days (2016)
R E  Turner, S Honikman, South African Medical Journal;106(12):1164-1167. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106.i12.12129
Weblink | PDF

Perinatal mental health care in a rural African district, Uganda: a qualitative study of barriers, facilitators and needs (2016)
J E M Nakku, E S Okello, D Kizza, S Honikman, J Ssebunnya, S Ndyanabangi, C Hanlon, F Kigozi, BMC Health Service Research, DOI 10.1186/s12913-016-1547-7
Weblink | PDF

Antenatal depression and adversity in urban South Africa (2016)
T v Heyningen, L Myer, M N Onah, M Tomlinson, S FieldS Honikman, Journal of Affective Disorders, DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2016.05.052

Predictors of alcohol and other drug use among pregnant women in a peri-urban South African setting (2016)
M N Onah, S FieldT v Heyningen, S Honikman, International Journal of Mental Health SystemsDOI: 10.1186/s13033-016-0070-x
Weblink | PDF

Integrating mental health into South Africa’ s health system : current status and way forward (2016)
M Schneider, E C Baron, E Breuer, SDocrat, S Honikman, A Kagee, M N Onah, S Skeen, K Sorsdahl, M Tomlinson, C vd Westhuizen, C Lund, South African Health Review, 2016, Chapter 13, Durban: Health Systems Trust
Weblink | PDF

Breastfeeding in South Africa : are we making progress? (2016)
Lisanne du Plessis, Nazia Peer, Simone Honikman, René English, South African Health Review, 2016, Chapter 10, Durban: Health Systems Trust
Weblink | PDF

Maternal mental health in primary care in five low- and middle-income countries: a situational analysis (2016)
E C Baron, C Hanlon, S Mall, S Honikman, E Breuer1, T Kathree, N P Luitel, J Nakku, C Lund, G Medhin, V Patel, I Petersen, S Shrivastava, M Tomlinson, Health Services Research, 2016, DOI 10.1186/s12913-016-1291-z
Weblink | PDF

District mental healthcare plans for five low-and middle-income countries: commonalities, variations and evidence gaps (2015)
C Hanlon, A Fekadu, M Jordans, F Kigozi, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, S Honikman, C Lund, M Prince, S Raja, G Thornicroft, M Tomlinson, V Patel, British Journal of Psychiatry, 2015 Oct 7. pii: bjp.bp.114.153767.
Weblink | PDF

Generating evidence to narrow the treatment gap for mental disorders in sub-Saharan Africa: Rationale, Overview and Methods of AFFIRM (2015)
C Lund, A Alem, M Schneider, C Hanlon, J Ahrens, C  Bandawe, J Bass, A Bhana, J Burns, D Chibanda, F Cowan, T Davies, M Dewey, A Fekadu, M Freeman, S Honikman, J Joska, A Kagee, R Mayston, G Medhin, S Musisi, L Myer, T Ntulo, M Nyatsanza, A Ofori-Atta, I Petersen, S Phakathi, M Prince, T Shibre, D.J.  Stein, L Swartz, G Thornicroft, M Tomlinson, L Wissow, E Susser, Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences. April 2015 DOI:10.1017/S2045796015000281
Weblink | PDF

Creating capabilities through maternal mental health Interventions: a case study at Hanover Park, Cape Town (2015)
I Meintjes, S Field, T Van Heyningen, S Honikman, Journal of International Development, 27, 234250 DOI: 10.1002/jid.3063

Abuse in South African maternity settings is a disgrace: Potential solutions to the problem (Editorial) (2015)
S Honikman, S Fawcus, I Meintjes, The South African Medical Journal, April, Vol. 105, No. 4, 284 – 286.
Weblink | PDF

Patterns of use of a maternal mental health service in a low-resource antenatal setting in South Africa (2014)
E Baron, S Field, Z Kafaar, S Honikman, Health and Social Care in the Community Journal doi: 10.1111/hsc.12167.

The impact of antenatal mental distress on funtioning and capabilities: views of health care providers and service user in Cape Town, South Africa (2014)
S Mall, S Honikman, B Evans, L Swartz, and C Lund, Informa Healthcare Disability and Rehabilitation: Vol. 36, No. 13, 1092-1099, doi:10.3109/09638288.2013.833300.

Maternal mental health care: refining the components in a South African setting in Global Mental Health (2014)
S Field, E Baron, I Meintjes, T van Heyningen, S Honikman, in Essentials of Global Mental Health, Cambridge University Press, 173-186.

Screening and pathways to maternal mental health care in a South African antenatal setting (2013)
B Vythilingum, S Field, Z Kafaar, E Baron, DJ Stein, S Honikman, Archives of Women’s Mental Health, April, 1-9. doi: 10.1007/s00737-013-0343-1.

Stepped Care for Maternal Mental Health: A Case Study of the Perinatal Mental Health Project in South Africa (2012)
S Honikman, T van Heyningen, S Field, E Baron, M Tomlinson, PLoS Medicine, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001222.
Weblink | PDF

Improving child outcomes through maternal mental health interventions (2010)
I Meintjes; S Field, L Sanders, T Van Heyningen, S Honikman, Journal of Child & Adolescent Mental Health, Vol. 22, No. 2, 73 – 82.

The Perinatal Mental Health Project (2004)
S Honikman, H Rosenthal, S Faure, B Wirz, S van Zijl, M Littlejohn, N Bergman, S Fawcus, Mental Health Promotion: Case Studies from Countries, WHO/WFMH, (Eds. S Saxena & PJ Garrison), 84.

Maternal Mental Health: South Africa & low and middle-income countries

Pregnant women’s mental health literacy and perceptions of perinatal mental disorders in the Western Cape, South Africa (2018)
M F Spedding, D J Stein, T Naledi, K Sorsdahl, Mental Health & Prevention, Volume 11   

Psychological Treatments for the World: Lessons from Low- and Middle-Income Countries (2017) 
D R Singla, B A Kohrt, L K Murray, A Anand, B F Chorpita, V Patel, Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 13:1, 149-181  

“The sun has set even though it is morning”: Experiences and explanations of perinatal depression in an urban township, Cape Town (2016)
T Davies, M Schneider, M Nyatsanza, C Lund, Transcultural Psychiatry 2016, Vol. 53(3) 286–312

Maternal depression and mental health in early childhood: an examination of underlying mechanisms in low-income and middle-income countries (2016)
C M Herba, V Glover, P G Ramchandani, M B Rondon, Lancet Psychiatry, 2016; Volume 3, Issue 10, October 2016, Pages 983-992,

Epidemiology of maternal depression, risk factors, and child outcomes in low-income and middle-income countries (2016)
B Gelaye, MB Rondon, R Araya, MA Williams, Lancet Psychiatry, 2016 Oct; 3(10):973-982. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30284-X. Epub 2016 Sep 17

Prevalence and determinants of common perinatal mental disorders in women in low- and lower-middle-income countries: a systematic review (2012)
J Fisher, M Mello, V Patel, A Rahman, T Tran, S Holton, W Holmes, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Vol 90, No 2, doi: 10.1590/S0042-96862012000200014

PRIME: A Programme to Reduce the Treatment Gap for Mental Disorders in Five Low- and Middle-Income Countries (2012) 
C Lund, M Tomlinson, M De Silva, A Fekadu, R Shidhaye, M Jordans, I Petersen, A Bhana, F Kigozi, M Prince, G Thornicroft, C Hanlon, R Kakuma, D McDaid, S Saxena, D Chisholm, S Raja, S Kippen-Wood, S Honikman, L Fairall, V Patel, PLoS Med. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001359

The prevalence and clinical presentation of antenatal depression in rural South Africa (2011)
T. J Rochat, M Tomlinson, T Bärnighausen, M-L Newell, A Stein, Journal of Affective Disorders, doi:10.1016/j.jad.2011.08.011

Depressed mood in pregnancy: Prevalence and correlates in two Cape Town peri-urban settlements (2011)
M Hartley, M Tomlinson, E Greco, W S Comulada, J Stewart, I le Roux, N Mbewu, et al. Reproductive Health, doi:10.1186/1742-4755-8-9

The South African Stress and Health (SASH) study: A scientific base for mental health policy (2009)
DJ Stein, DR Williams, RC Kessler, South African Medical Journal, 99(5), 337-337

The South African Stress and Health (SASH) study: 12-month and lifetime prevalence of common mental disorders (2009)
A A Herman, D J Stein, S Seedat, S G Heeringa, H Moomal, D R Williams, SAMJ: South African Medical Journal. Vol 99, No 5, 339-344

The epidemiology of major depression in South Africa: results from the South African stress and health study (2009)
M Tomlinson, A Grimsrud, DJ Stein, D Williams, L Myer, South African Medical Journal, 99(5), 368-373

Life stress and mental disorders in the South African Stress and Health study (2009)
S Seedat, DJ Stein, PB Jackson, S Heeringa, D Williams, L Myer, South African Medical Journal. 99(5): 375-382

General (maternal) mental health research

Addressing anxiety and depression – A whole system approach
S Souraya, T Canning, P Farmer, Report of the WISH Anxiety and Depression Forum 2018, Doha, Qatar: World Innovation Summit for Health, 2018, ISBN: 978-1-912865-00-0

Childcare Instability and Maternal Depressive Symptoms: Exploring New Avenues for Supporting Maternal Mental Health (2018)
D. Johnson C. M.Padilla, Academic Pediatrics Volume 19, Issue 1, January–February 2019, Pages 18-26

The Lancet Commission on Global Mental Health and Sustainable Development
Journal article | The Commission

The Lancet Series on Women’s Mental Health
2017 Series

The Lancet Series on Maternal Health
2016 Series

The Lancet Series on Perinatal Mental Health
2014 Series

Grand Challenges: Integrating Maternal Mental Health into Maternal and Child Health Programmes (2013)
A Rahman, PJ Surkan, CE Cayetano, P Rwagatare, KE Dickson, PLoS Med. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001442

The Lancet Series on Global Mental Health
2011 Series 2

The Lancet Series on Global Mental Health
2007 Series 1

Prevalence studies

  • Anxiety

Prevalence and determinants of common perinatal mental disorders in women in low and lower middle income countries: a systematic review of the evidence (2012) 
J Fisher, M Cabral de Mello, V Patel, A Rahman, T Tran, S Holton, W Holmes, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Feb 2012, Vol. 90 Issue 2, p139.

The prevalence of antenatal and postnatal co-morbid anxiety and depression: a meta-analysis (2017)
K Falah-Hassani, R Shiri, C L Dennis, Journal of Psychological Medicine

  • Depression

A systematic review and meta-regression of the prevalence and incidence of perinatal depression (2017)
A. Woody, A. J. Ferrari, D. J. Siskind et al, Journal of Affective Disorders
doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.05.003.

Antenatal depression and its risk factors: An urban prevalence study in KwaZulu-Natal (2012) 
L Manikkam, J K Burns, South African Medical Journal Oct 10;102(12):940-4. doi: 10.7196/samj.6009.

The prevalence and clinical presentation of antenatal depression in rural South Africa (2011) 
T Jean Rochat, M Tomlinson, T Bärnighausen, M LNewell, A Stein, Journal of Affective Disorders, Dec;135(1-3):362-73. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2011.08.011. Epub 2011 Aug 31.

Depressed mood in pregnancy: Prevalence and correlates in two Cape Town peri-urban settlements (2011) M Hartley, M Tomlinson, E Greco,W S Comulada, J Stewart, I le Roux, N Mbewu, M J Rotheram-Borus, Reproductive Health, 8:9,DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-8-9. Weblink

Post-partum depression and infant growth in a South African peri-urban settlement (2006) M Tomlinson, P J Cooper, A Stein, L Swartz, C Molteno, Child: Care, Health & Development, Jan;32(1):81-6. Weblink

  • Suicidality

Substance using Mothers Experiencing Suicidal Thoughts: Impact of Parenting Behaviors on Child Behavior Problems (2018)
B Brakenhoff, Q Wu, N Slesnick, Journal of Child and Family Studies

Detection and screening

Perinatal mental health and psychosocial risk screening in a community maternal and child health setting: evaluation of a digital platform (2018)
N Highet, J Gamble, D Creedy, Journal of Primary Health Care Research & Development

Neonatal Outcomes in Women With Untreated Antenatal Depression Compared With Women Without Depression (2016) 
A Jarde, M Morais, D Kingston, R Giallo, G. M. MacQueen, L Giglia, J Beyene, Y Wang, S D. McDonald JAMA Psychiatry 2016;73(8):826-837. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.0934

Primary Care Screening for and Treatment of Depression in Pregnant and Postpartum Women (2016) 
E O’Connor, R. C. Rossom, M Henninger, H. C. Groom, B. U. Burda JAMA. 2016;315(4):388-406. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18948

To screen or not to screen-that is the question in perinatal depression (2002)
A Buist, B Barnett, J Milgrom, S Pope, J Condon, D Ellwood, P Boyce, et al, The Medical Journal of Australia. 177 Suppl (October): S101–5

Risk factors for maternal mental health problems

  • Food insecurity 

Food-insecure pregnant women in South Africa: a cross-sectional exploration of maternal depression as a mediator of violence and trauma risk factors (2019)
W Barnett, J Pellowski, C Kuo, N Koen, K A Donald, H J Zar, D J Stein, Weblink

The Impact of Food Insecurity on the Home Emotional Environment Among Low-Income Mothers of Young Children (2018)
M Gill, M Koleilat, S. E. Whaley, Maternal and Child Health Journal, 22: 1146., doi:

Cumulative risk and resilience: The roles of comorbid maternal mental health conditions and community cohesion in influencing food security in low-income households (2017)
M Lombe, L. Y. Saltzman, Y Chu, A Sinha, V E Nebbitt, Social Work in Mental Health Journal, doi:

  • Gender-based violence and intimate partner violence

Psychological and physical intimate partner violence and young children’s mental health: The role of maternal posttraumatic stress symptoms and parenting behaviors. (2018)
C A Greene, G Chan, KJ McCarthy, LS Wakschlag, MJ Briggs-Gowan, J Child Abuse Negl.
doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.01.012.

The Association of Maternal Exposure to Domestic Violence During Childhood with Prenatal Attachment (2018)
A Sancho-Rossignol, Z Schilliger, M Cordero, S Rusconi Serpa, M Epiney, P Hüppi, F Ansermet, D Schechter, Frontiers in Psychiatry

Violence against women and mental health (2016) 
S Oram, H Khalifeh, L M Howard The Lancet Psychiatry doi:

The Lancet Series on Violence against women and girls
2014 Series

  • Refugees and civil conflict 

Maternal mental health priorities, help-seeking behaviors, and resources in post-conflict settings: a qualitative study in eastern Uganda (2018)
W A Tol, B Ebrecht, R Aiyo, S M Murray, A J Nguyen, B A Kohrt, S Ndyanabangi, S Alderman, S Musisi, J Nakku, BMC Psychiatry


Prevalence and predictors of postpartum depression by HIV status and timing of HIV diagnosis in Gauteng, South Africa (2019)
Idah Mokhele, Cornelius Nattey, Nelly Jinga, Constance Mongwenyana, Matthew P. Fox, Dorina Onoya, PLoS ONE

Impact of HIV-status disclosure on HIV viral load in pregnant and postpartum women on antiretroviral therapy (2019)
K Brittain, CA Mellins, RH Remien, Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002036

Determinants of suboptimal adherence and elevated HIV viral load in pregnant women already on antiretroviral therapy when entering antenatal care in Cape Town (2018)
K Brittain, RH Remien, CA Mellins, TK Phillips, A Zerbe, Journal of AIDS Care

HIV-status disclosure and depression in the context of unintended pregnancy among South African women (2018)
K Brittain, CA Mellins, RH Remien, T Phillips, Journal of Global Public Health


Postpartum maternal mental health is associated with cognitive development of HIV-exposed infants in Zimbabwe: a cross-sectional study (2018)
H Mebrahtu, V Simms, R Chingono, Z Mupambireyi, H. A. Weiss, P Ndlovu, R Malaba, F. M. Cowan, L Sherr, Journal of AIDS Care

  • Poverty 

Material Hardship and Mental Health Symptoms Among a Predominantly Low Income Sample of Pregnant Women Seeking Prenatal Care (2018)
J Katz, H.F. Crean, C Cerulli et al., Maternal and Child Health Journal

  • Social support

Social support and maternal mental health at 4 months and 1 year postpartum: analysis from the All Our Families cohort (2018) E Hetherington, S McDonald, T Williamson, S B Patten, S C Tough, Journal of Epidemiol Community Health 2018;72:933-939. 
DOI: 10.1136/jech-2017-210274

Maternal adverse childhood experiences and antepartum risks: the moderating role of social support (2018)
N Racine, S Madigan, A Plamondon, E Hetherington, S McDonald, S Tough, Archives of Women’s Mental Health 

  • Substance and alcohol abuse

Substance using Mothers Experiencing Suicidal Thoughts: Impact of Parenting Behaviors on Child Behavior Problems (2018)
B Brakenhoff, Q Wu, N Slesnick, Journal of Child and Family Studies


Promotion of Mental Health among Perinatal Mexican-American Adolescents through Health Literacy (2018)
P Recto, J Dimmitt-Champion, Journal of Adolescent Health

Improving mental health among ultra-poor children: Two-year outcomes of a cluster-randomized trial in Burkina Faso (2018)
Ismayilova, Karimli, Sanson, Gaveras, Nanemam, Tô-Camier, Chaffin, Social Science & Medicine

The parent trap: Cash transfers and the intergenerational transmission of depression in South Africa (2018)
K Eyal, J Burns, Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit

Efficacy of an Internet-based depression intervention to improve rates of treatment in adolescent mothers (2017)
M.C. Logsdon, J Myers, J Rushton, J.L. Gregg, A.M. Josephson, D Winders Davis, K Brothers, K Baisch, A Carabello, K Vogt, K Jones, J Angermeier, Archives of Women’s Mental Health

Postpartum depression in adolescent mothers (2017)
K.J. Dinwiddie, T.L. Schillerstrom, J.E. Schillerstrom, Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology 

Child outcomes

Course of perinatal depressive symptoms among South African women: associations with child outcomes at 18 and 36 months (2019)
E C Garman, A Cois, M Tomlinson, M J Rotheram‑Borus, C Lund

Substance using Mothers Experiencing Suicidal Thoughts: Impact of Parenting Behaviors on Child Behavior Problems (2018)
B Brakenhoff, Q Wu, N Slesnick, Journal of Child and Family Studies

Child abuse potential in mothers with early life maltreatment, borderline personality disorder and depression (2018)
K DittrichK BoedekerD Kluczniok
C Jaite, The British Journal of Psychiatry

Antenatal and postpartum depression: effects on infant and young child health and feeding practices (2017)
SS Madlala, SM Kassier, South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 31, Issue 1

The Lancet Series: Advancing Early Childhood Development 2016 Series | PDF  (summary)

Effects of perinatal mental disorders on the fetus and child (2014)
A Stein, R M Pearson, S H Goodman, E Rapa, A Rahman, M McCallum, L M Howard, C M Pariante, Lancet 384(9956):1800-19.
doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61277-0. Epub 2014 Nov 14

Maternal depression, anxiety and stress during pregnancy and child outcome; what needs to be done (2014) (Editorial)
V Glover, Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Volume 29, Issue 3 doi:10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2013.08.017


Diffusing and scaling evidence‐based interventions: eight lessons for early child development from the implementation of perinatal home visiting in South Africa (2018) 
M Tomlinson, X Hunt, M Rotheram-Borus, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 

Time for a new zeitgeist in perinatal mental health (2017)
F Judd, L Kathryn Newman, A A Komiti, Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry

Training and provider matters

The Secret History Project. : cultural adaptation of an experiential training method aiming at improved empathic engagement and self-care for midwives and nurses in obstetric care (2019)
E C Hänselmann, Dissertation
DOI: 10.6094/UNIFR/149372

Accessible continued professional development for maternal mental health (2019)
S Fiel, A Abrahams, D L Woods, R Turner, M N Onah, D K Kaura, S Honikman, African Journal of Primary Health Care and Family Medicine, 11(1), a1902 
DOI: https:// v11i1.1902

Effectiveness of an anti‑stigma training on improving attitudes and decreasing discrimination towards people with mental disorders among care assistant workers in Guangzhou, China, (2019)
J Li, Y Fan, H‑Q Zhong, X‑L Duan, W Chen, S Evans‑Lacko, G Thornicroft, International Journal of Mental Health Systems

Reports and relevant documents

South Africa

World Health Organisation

Global reports

Resources developed together with our partners

  • Maternity Booklet; information, suggestions and support for mothers: Western Cape Department of Health • Download
  • Take Care; Self-care strategies for health workers: Western Cape Department of Health • Download
  • A Teen’s Guide to Pregnancy: Western Cape Department of Health • Download
  • Patient-Centred Maternity Care Code: Western Cape Department of Health • Download